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Statistics

Global scenario

            Pineapple exhibits increasing demand world wide, over the years.  The global trade is around 50% as fresh fruit, 30% as canned product and 20% as juice concentrate. World trade on fresh pineapple has shown 100 % increase during the last one decade.  Even though India is the sixth largest producer of pineapple in the world with a share of about 8% in production, its share in the world market is negligible. The main pineapple producers are Brazil, Thailand, Philippines, Costa Rica, China, India and Indonesia.  The different Asian countries and the countries around the Indian ocean are importing about two lakh tonnes of pineapple in a year, mostly coming from distant countries.  The leading exporters are Costa Rica, Belgium, Cote d’lvoire, Philippines, Ghana, Netherlands, USA and France. Major importers are USA, Belgium, France, Italy, Germany, Japan and UK. MD2 or Dinar pineapple developed through hybridisation by Del Monte scientists in Costa Rica is the most popular variety in the international market because of its colour, flavour, shape, life span and ripeness being superior to other varieties.  

National scenario

India ranked sixth with a share of about 8 % of the world production of pineapples. The total area under pineapple cultivation in India is 84000 hectares with a production of about 1341000 t. India exports pineapple mainly to Nepal, Maldives, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, Oman, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Zambia, Pakistan and Qatar. ‘Kew’ and ‘Mauritius’ are the two varieties of pineapple grown in India. It is grown in Karnataka, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Kerala, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland. It is also cultivated on limited areas in the coastal belt of Tamil Nadu, Goa and Orissa. Though Assam has the largest area under pineapple West Bengal is the largest producer. Karnataka, West Bengal and Bihar are the three states reporting high productivity. Overall, Indian productivity of 16.00 t/ha poorly compares with the world average of 22.58 t/ha. 

Area, production, productivity

The important pineapple growing countries of the world are the Hawaiian Islands, China, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Brazil, Ghana, Kenya, Mexico, Taiwan, South Africa, Australia, Puerto Rico and India. 

In India, it is grown in Karnataka, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Kerala, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.  It is also cultivated on limited areas in the coastal belt of Tamil Nadu, Goa and Orissa.  National level area, production and productivity of pineapple are given below.

Area, Production and Productivity of Pineapple in India
(1987-1988, 1991-1992 to 2010-2011)

Year

Area
('000 HA)

% of Total Fruit Area

Production
('000 MT)

% of Total Fruit Production

Productivity
(In MT/HA)

1987-88

45.7

1.6

578.0

2.1

12.6

1991-92

57.1

2.0

768.5

2.7

13.5

1992-93

59.4

1.9

859.0

2.6

14.5

1993-94

62.2

2.0

1006.7

2.7

16.2

1994-95

66.4

1.5

1055.2

2.7

15.9

1995-96

71.2

2.1

1071.1

2.6

15.0

1996-97

68.7

1.9

924.6

2.3

13.5

1997-98

69.3

1.9

937.1

2.2

13.5

1998-99

74.2

2.0

1006.4

2.3

13.6

1999-00

75.5

1.9

1025.4

2.2

13.6

2000-01

78.1

2.0

1221.1

2.8

15.5

2001-02

77.2

1.9

1182.3

2.7

15.3

2002-03

79.8

2.1

1171.7

2.6

14.7

2003-04

80.9

1.7

1234.2

2.7

15.3

2004-05

82.8

1.7

1278.9

2.6

15.4

2005-06

82.4

1.5

1262.6

2.3

15.3

2006-07

87.0

1.6

1362.0

2.3

15.7

2007-08

80.0

1.4

1245.0

1.9

15.6

2008-09

84.0

1.4

1341.0

2.0

16.0

2009-10

91.9

1.5

1386.8

1.9

15.1

2010-11

89.0

1.4

1415.0

1.9

15.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Source : Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India. (p. 255)

India ranked sixth with a share of about 8 % of the world production of pineapples. The total area under pineapple cultivation in India was 89000 hectares with a production of about 1415000 t and productivity 15.9 t/ha during 2010-11.  India exports pineapple mainly to Nepal, Maldives, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, Oman, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Zambia, Pakistan and Qatar. ‘Kew’ and ‘Mauritius’ are the two varieties of pineapple grown in India. It is grown in Karnataka, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Kerala, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland. It is also cultivated on limited areas in the coastal belt of Tamil Nadu, Goa and Orissa. Though Assam has the largest area under pineapple West Bengal is the largest producer. Karnataka, West Bengal and Bihar are the three states reporting high productivity. Overall, Indian productivity of 15.9 t/ha poorly compares with the world average of 22.58 t/ha. 

The statewise area, production and productivity of pineapple in India  are presented below. In Kerala, total area under pineapple cultivation is 10200 hectares with a production of about 85500 t and productivity 8.4 t/ha during 2010-11. The major pineapple producing district of Kerala, Ernakulam accounts for more than 60% of the area under pineapple cultivation. In Ernakulam district pineapple cultivation is more concentrated in certain areas of Vazhakulam.

State-wise Area of Pineapple in India
(1987-1988, 1991-1992 and 1996-1997 to 2010-2011) (In ' 000 Hectare)

States/UTs

87-88

91-92

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-00

00-01

01-02

02-03

03-04

04-05

05-06

06-07

07-08

08-09

09-10

10-11

West Bengal

9.6

8.9

9.1

9.2

9.6

10.3

10.4

11.5

11.8

11.7

12.9

13.4

13.4

9.5

9.6

9.6

9.9

Assam

4.9

12.1

14

14.1

13.6

13.8

14

14.1

13.9

14.2

12.8

14.6

12.4

12.7

12.9

14.2

14.0

Karnataka

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2.1

2.4

2.144

10.6

3.2

2.9

3.0

2.8

3.0

Tripura

-

#

-

-

-

-

-

3.7

3.7

4.1

5

5.2

6.2

6.3

6.3

6.8

6.8

Bihar

2.1

2.6

3.3

3.3

3.7

3.9

4

4.1

4.1

4.2

4.2

4.2

4.5

4.6

4.7

4.7

4.9

Manipur

6.6

6.5

9.5

9.4

10

10

10

10.3

10.6

10.6

10.6

2.6

12

8.5

8.6

12.1

12.2

Meghalaya

7.9

8.5

9

9.3

9.3

9.4

9.2

9.2

9.4

9.5

9.5

9.5

9.6

9.6

10.8

10.8

9.7

Kerala

-

4.7

5

5

8.6

9

9.5

9.5

11.2

11.5

12.7

12.8

12.5

12.5

12.5

9.8

10.2

Nagaland

-

1

2.1

2.3

1.8

2.5

2.9

3

2

2

2

2

-

-

3.7

3.7

3.7

Arunachal Pradesh

1.1

3.4

7.2

7.2

7.3

7.3

7.3

#

7.7

7.8

7.9

7.9

8.3

9.3

9.3

10.9

10.9

Goa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.4

0.3

-

Orissa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.7

0.7

-

Mizoram

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.4

0.4

-

Tamil Nadu

-

#

-

-

-

-

-

#

1.24

0.7

0.4

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.8

-

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.2

0.2

-

Others

13.5

9.4

9.5

9.5

10.3

9.3

10.9

9.8

2

2.2

2.3

2

3.7

1.9

2.4

2.2

3.5

India

45.7

57.1

68.7

69.3

74.2

75.5

78.2

77.2

79.8

80.9

82.8

85.4

82.6

80.0

83.7

91.9

88.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : # : Included in Others. Source : National Horticulture Board. (p.54) & Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 6238, dated 04.05.2010. & Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India. (p.255)

State-wise Production of Pineapple in India
(1987-1988, 1991-1992 and 1996-1997 to 2010-2011) (In ' 000 MT)

States

87-88

91-92

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-00

00-01

01-02

02-03

03-04

04-05

05-06

06-07

07-08

08-09

09-10

10-11

West Bengal

177.4

210.8

236.6

246.8

283.9

280.2

279.5

322

340.7

320.6

349.8

379.2

372.1

283.2

283.9

293.8

303.7

Assam

48.9

177.6

207.8

217.3

209

207.8

216.1

220

212.6

220.7

198.6

241

191.9

195.7

225.1

223.0

220.7

Karnataka

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

81.2

86.5

118.2

129.4

88.6

190.5

177.4

186.3

177.2

186.1

Tripura

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

82.7

82.6

93.5

105.1

106.4

115.8

116.9

101.2

117.5

153.3

Bihar

31.2

39.6

84

88

92.1

97

100.5

101.3

90

104.6

122.5

108

121.1

126.8

119.5

125.0

129.4

Manipur

82.2

26

66

66

69.8

69

69.9

75.6

77.2

88.6

88.6

134.5

100.7

72.4

78.5

103.5

104.4

Meghalaya

61.1

74.2

90

80.4

80.4

82.5

81.7

81.7

83.3

91.7

91.7

83.7

85

85.3

106.8

106.8

86.0

Kerala

6.1

46.3

46.7

46.7

57.3

73.7

68.3

68.3

83.9

95

101.9

109.3

102.4

102.4

102.4

80.8

85.5

Nagaland

1.7

12.4

59.2

63.7

60

71.1

82.9

83.2

24.8

24.8

24.8

24.8

-

-

57.5

57.5

57.5

Arunachal Pradesh

5.9

12.9

29.4

29.4

30.2

32

32

#

33.9

35.6

36.3

37

37.8

37.8

-

0.0

34.4

Goa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.6

44.5

-

Odisha

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8.0

9.0

-

Mizoram

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.4

2.8

-

Tamil Nadu

-

#

-

-

-

-

-

#

38.4

23.1

14.7

21.7

23.4

22.752

24.8

31.0

-

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.1

1.1

-

Others

163.5

168.7

104.9

98.8

123.7

112.1

290.2

66.3

17.9

17.8

15.5

18.9

21.5

36.6

41.9

44.8

54.5

India

578

768.5

924.6

937.1

1006.4

1025.4

1221.1

1182.3

1171.7

1234.2

1278.9

1353.1

1362.1

1244.6

1340.8

1386.8

1415.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note: # : Included in Others. Source : National Horticulture Board. (p. 54) & (p.103), Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 6238, dated 04.05.2010. & Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India. (p.255)

Selected State-wise Productivity of Pineapple in India
(1987-1988, 1991-1992 and 1996-1997 to 2010-2011) (MT/Hectare)

States

87-88

91-92

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-00

00-01

01-02

02-03

03-04

04-05

05-06

06-07

07-08

08-09

09-10

10-11

West Bengal

18.5

23.7

26

26.8

29.6

27.2

26.9

28

28.8

27.4

27.2

28.3

27.8

29.7

29.7

30.5

30.6

Assam

10

14.7

14.8

15.4

15.4

15.1

15.4

15.6

15.3

15.5

15.5

16.5

15.5

15.4

17.5

15.7

15.8

Karnataka

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40

40.4

49.3

51.8

8.4

59.9

61.7

61.7

63.3

62.0

Tripura

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22.3

22.3

22.8

21.1

20.5

18.7

18.6

16.1

17.3

22.6

Bihar

14.9

15.2

25.5

26.7

24.9

24.9

25.1

25

22.1

24.9

29.1

25.5

27.2

27.6

25.5

26.4

26.5

Manipur

12.5

4.0

6.9

7.0

7.0

6.9

7.0

7.3

7.3

8.4

8.4

52.1

8.4

8.5

9.1

8.6

8.6

Meghalaya

7.7

8.7

10

8.6

8.6

8.8

8.9

8.8

8.9

9.7

9.7

8.8

8.9

8.9

9.9

9.9

8.9

Kerala

-

9.9

9.3

9.3

6.7

8.2

7.2

7.2

7.5

8.3

8

8.6

8.2

8.2

8.2

8.2

8.4

Nagaland

-

12.4

28.2

27.7

33.3

28.4

28.6

28.2

28.8

12.4

12.4

12.4

-

4.5

15.5

10.0

15.5

Arunachal Pradesh

5.4

3.8

4.1

4.1

4.1

4.4

4.4

#

4.4

4.6

4.6

4.7

4.6

4.1

4.1

3.2

3.2

Tamil Nadu

-

#

-

-

-

-

-

#

30.9

33

32.9

33.2

33.2

33.1

-

-

-

Others

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8.1

6.9

9.7

5.8

19.1

17.3

20.6

15.6

India

12.6

13.5

13.5

13.5

13.6

13.6

15.6

15.3

14.7

-

-

-

15.8

15.5

16.0

15.1

15.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note : # : Included in Others. Source : National Horticulture Board. (p.54) & Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India. (p.255) 
 
 
Districtwise Pineapple area (ha), production (t) and productivity (t/ha) in Kerala

District

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

 

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Thiruvananthapuram

313

2074

6.63

195

1313

6.73

201

1348

6.71

199

1427

7.17

Kollam

198

1437

7.26

176

1187

6.74

171

1077

6.30

180

1297

7.21

Pathanamthitta

155

948

6.12

150

1014

6.76

165

1221

7.40

197

1440

7.31

Alappuzha

85

491

5.78

86

476

5.53

80

502

6.28

80

459

5.74

Kottayam

1689

9769

5.78

1286

7064

5.49

1286

7879

6.13

1134

8439

7.44

Idukki

1008

8917

8.85

1076

8224

7.64

892

8270

9.27

858

6730

7.84

Ernakulam

6108

59864

9.80

6020

57464

9.55

6607

60634

9.18

5563

57606

10.36

Thrissur

81

521

6.43

56

362

6.46

49

324

6.61

58

535

9.22

Palakkad

102

498

4.88

123

548

4.46

174

830

4.77

78

328

4.21

Malappuram

165

700

4.24

160

687

4.29

191

1139

5.96

155

1631

10.52

Kozhikode

199

969

4.87

192

957

4.98

177

1040

5.88

197

1042

5.29

Wayanad

54

229

4.24

35

118

3.37

32

147

4.59

25

122

4.88

Kannur

166

971

5.85

220

1107

5.03

132

753

5.70

125

756

6.05

Kasaragod

84

494

5.88

52

256

4.92

59

362

6.14

83

524

6.31

Kerala Total

10407

87882

8.44

9827

80777

8.22

10216

85526

8.37

8932

82336

9.22

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

DISTRICT

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

 

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Area

Prodn

Prodty

Thiruvananthapuram

184

1306

7.098

191

1399

7.325

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kollam

168

1019

6.065

108

668

6.185

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pathanamthitta

168

1294

7.702

163

1204

7.387

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alappuzha

81

569

7.025

73

439

6.014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kottayam

1107

7626

6.889

1032

7255

7.030

 

 

 

 

 

 

Idukki

838

6879

8.209

864

7609

8.807

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ernakulam

5413

50704

9.367

5001

53721

10.742

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thrissur

41

305

7.439

73

544

7.452

 

 

 

 

 

 

Palakkad

84

423

5.036

82

403

4.915

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malappuram

115

710

6.174

105

635

6.048

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kozhikode

144

834

5.792

137

669

4.883

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayanad

32

139

4.344

33

138

4.182

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kannur

113

737

6.522

95

567

5.968

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kasaragod

52

310

5.962

45

311

6.911

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kerala Total

8540

72855

8.531

8002

75562

9.443

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Address

Pineapple Research Station
Kerala Agricultural University
Vazhakkulam
Muvattupuzha
Ernakulam Kerala 686670
:+91-485-2260832
:+919446010905
:+91-485-2260832